Horai (Gorai, Goray) | Vinnytsia

/ Adolf H., born in 1932: “Two Jewish families stayed in our house. One month later they left somewhere, most probably to Sharhorod.” ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum Mykola H., born in 1929: “About a dozen Jewish men were taken to work on the road. While working they were guarded by the police.” ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum Adolf H., born in 1932: “They stayed with the locals at their houses. They stayed in a house, even though it was small, and there were six people in one room.” ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum The burial place in Horai where several dozen Jews who died from hunger were buried. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum The Yahad team at the burial place. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews in Horai

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before:
Period of occupation:
Number of victims:
Several dozen

Witness interview

Mykola H., born in 1929: "In the summer of 1941 about a hundred Jews from Suceava were brought here [in Horai]. They were settled in the empty houses. Some of them stayed with the locals as there ws not enough space for everyone. Three or four Jews stayed in our house, including an engineer with his wife. There were skilled workers among them too, who would propose their services in exchange for food. For example, the floor of my house was done by a Jewish carpenter. He and his wife stayed in our house for two weeks during the works. While they worked, we gave them food. Otherwise, they had nothing to eat and had to wonder from house to house to look for food." (Witness n°2595U, interviewed in Obukhiv, April 18, 2019)

Historical note

Horai is located 84 km (52mi) southwest of Vinnytsia. There is not much information about the Jewish community living in Horai. It wasn’t very big, as the majority of population were Poles and Ukrainians. According to the testimonies recorded by Yahad, only three Jewish families lived in the village before the war. One family worked at the kolkhoz, another one owned a shop and were merchants. A big Jewish community lived in Kopaihorod, 19 km (12mi) north of Horai. 

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Horai was occupied by German and Romanian troops in middle of July 1941. By that time, the Jewish men of the proper age were drafted to the army. The village remained under Romanian control and became part of Transnistria from September 1941. In the summer of 1941, about 700-800 Jews were brought through the village from Bukovina. According to local accounts, about a hundred of them stayed in Horai while the others were taken to villages nearby where ghettos and camps were created for them. The Jews who stayed in Horai were settled in empty houses or with the locals. Some Jews continued to work as artisans in exchange of food or a place to stay, while others worked in the kolkhoz. Jewish men were subject to forced labor including repairing the roads. Most suffered from bad treatment, occasional robberies and lack of food. However, the Jews were not killed in mass executions in Horai contrary to the territories that remained under the German occupation.  During the occupation, between 20 and 50 Jews died of hunger and bad living conditions. They were buried in small mass graves by the Jews themselves outside the village. Today, the site remains without any memorial. 

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