Plitchenka | Minsk

Tatiana A., born in 1933. Her father was requisitioned to bury the Jews after the execution. Among the victims was a Jewish blacksmith and his wife whom the family knew very well as they were friends. ©Jordi Lagoutte/Yahad – In Unum The Yahad team with a witness during an interview. ©Jordi Lagoutte/Yahad – In Unum The execution site of 31 Jews murdered here in August 1941. According to the Soviet archives, there were 19 victims, although the monument stands for 31. ©Jordi Lagoutte/Yahad – In Unum

Execution of Jews in Plitchenka

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before:
Woods
Memorials:
Yes
Period of occupation:
1941-1944
Number of victims:
31

Witness interview

Tatiana A., born in 1933: “Y.U.: Was your father also taken to bury the corpses?
Witness: Yes, he was. When he returned, he knelt before the icon and prayed for a long time. My parents were religious. The Jewish blacksmith and his wife often visited us. They were our friends. She always brought something for us children, some cakes, sweets. That’s why I remember her.
Y.U.: Did local men bury Jews the same day or at a later date?
Witness: The same day. They were taken there at midday. One girl was grazing cows, and when the families were rounded up, she ran and carried a birch wreath in her hands. It was around 12 o’clock. In the afternoon, the men went and buried them.” (Witness n°1020B, interviewed in Borisov, on October 7, 2019)

Soviet archives

"In August 1941, in the village of Plitchenka in the district of Brodovka, German scoundrels shot 19 people of Jewish nationality. Their names remain unknown, as they were refugees. Their occupations are not known either.” [Act drawn up by Soviet State Extraordinary Commission (ChGK) on September 15, 1944; GARF: Fond 7021, opis 87, delo 3 et 4, p. 24]

Historical note

Plitchenka is a village located 106 km (66mi) north northeast of Minsk. According to the local villagers interviewed by Yahad, no Jews lived in Plitchenka prior to the war. In 1939, some Jewish refugees came from Poland and settled in Plitchenka.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

Plitchenka was occupied by German forces in July 1941. One month later, in August 1941, the Jewish refugees were gathered and taken to the forest to be shot. The pit was filled in by the requisitioned local men. The identity of the victims remains unknown even after the field research. 

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