Serebryanka (Munus Yevreyskiy, former Jewish colony) | Crimea

/ The ruins of the kolkhozes from the Jewish agricultural colony Munus Yevreyskiy © Aleksey Kasyanov  /Yahad-In Unum Valentina K., born in 1927: “There were two Jewish boys who had to throw the bodies inside the well. Afterward, they were crying and asking for mercy, but the Germans didn’t care.”  © Aleksey Kasyanov  /Yahad-In Unum Yahad-In Unum team with a witness at the execution site in Serebryanka.  © Aleksey Kasyanov  /Yahad-In Unum The former well in Serebryanka where approximately 106 Jews were killed. Their bodies were thrown inside the well.   © Aleksey Kasyanov  /Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews in Munus Yevreyskiy

1 Execution site(s)

Kind of place before:
Period of occupation:
Number of victims:
About 106

Witness interview

Valentina K., born in 1927: ”
Y. U. : How the Jews were told about the gathering? Did someone pass from house to house to announce them?
W: Yes, the policemen did. They passed door to door to transmit the message.
Y. U. : And before being gather in the Klub did they wear some distinguishing badges on their clothes?
W: No, they didn’t.
Y. U. : Were the Jews arrested by the policemen and brought to the Klub or did the police just pass the message?
W : The Jews went to the Klub by themselves. They were told to present themselves at a certain day and time and they executed the order. Once they all were gathered, they were marched in the direction of Russian Munus. The machine gunned Germans waited for them on the site
Y. U. : Was the Klub located in Jewish Munus ?
Témoin : Yes, it was here. The Russian Munus, where they were shot, was located over there.
Y. U. : Does this Klub still exists ?
W : No, the building doesn’t exist anymore.
Y. U. : Were the Jews confined into the building for long time or were they taken o the execution on the same day ?
W : They were taken on the same day. I remember that because I saw the column on our way back from the field, where we were gathering hay. I was almost heat by the cart because was staring at the column.” (Witness N°1695, interviewed in Serebryanka, on May 18, 2013)

Soviet archives

It has been established that on November 23, 1941, after having gathered the entire Jewish population, which numbered 104, a murder squad that had arrived in the village shot all of them without exception. The bodies were thrown into an abandoned well. Before the shooting the German executers abused the women and children. Then, they tore the children from their mothers’ arms and threw them alive into the well. They smashed the heads of some of the children on the ground, then shot them and threw their bodies into the well. » [Act drawn up by State Extraordinary Commission (ChGK), on October 15, 1944 ; RG.22-002M : Fond 7021, Opis 9, Delo 84]

Historical note

Serebryanka, until 1948 known as Munus Yevreyskiy (Jewish), is a village located some 100 km northwest of Simferopol. The village was created as a Jewish agricultural colony n° 71 in 1925. Beside the Jews, the village was home to Russians and Tatars, who lived separately according to local witness. The Jewish residents lived off farming. According to the local witness interviewed by Yahad, there was a Russian school in the village for Jewish and non-Jewish children.  About 100 Jews lived in the village before the German occupation.

Holocaust by bullets in figures

The Germans occupied the village in late October 1941. According to Yahad’s witness, the Jews from Munus Yevreyskiy did not have to wear any distinctive badges. Soon after the beginning of the occupation, on November 23, 1941, the Jews were ordered to gather in the village’s Klub. Several hours later, the entire Jewish population was lined up in a column and taken on foot outskirts of the village where a well was located. Approximately 106 Jews from Munus Yevreyskiy and the Jews from Amansha were shot there. Their bodies were thrown into the well. Yahad’s witness states that the children were not shot but poisoned and then thrown into the well alive. The execution was conducted by eight Gestapo soldiers who arrived to the village for that purpose.

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