Dzhulynka (Dzhulinka) | Vinnytsia

/ Tetiana M., born in 1926: “About 20 Jewish families lived in Dzhulynka before the war. They were merchants, shopkeepers and hairdressers.”  ©David Merlin-Dufey/Yahad - In Unum Hryhoriy D., born in 1927: “I remember a  Jew, Izia Borda, who used to live in Dzhulynka. After the war, during the Soviet rule, he immigrated to Israel with his wife, Sophia.” ©David Merlin-Dufey/Yahad - In Unum Vira M., born in 1917: “I saw a column of Jews being marched to the execution site, located in the pinewood, on the outskirts of Dzhulynka. The Jewish detainees looked very sad.”  ©David Merlin-Dufey/Yahad - In Unum Ivan Z., born in 1928, took the Yahad team to the execution site in Dzhulynka. ©David Merlin-Dufey/Yahad - In Unum Ivan Z., born in 1928, with the Yahad team at the execution site in Dzhulynka. ©David Merlin-Dufey/Yahad - In Unum The execution site in the pine forest near Dzhulynka. The monument is dedicated to 156 Jews and Ukrainians shot by the Nazis in December 1942 and February 1943. The victims were buried in several mass graves. ©David Merlin-Dufey/Yahad - In Unum

Execution of Jews and non-Jews in Dzhulynka

1 Sitio(s) de ejecución

Tipo de lugar antes:
Pine forest
Período de ocupación:
Número de víctimas:

Entrevista del testigo

Hryhoriy D., born in 1927: “During the German occupation, the Jewish residents in Dzhulynka attempted to flee, only to be apprehended and subsequently executed in Ternivka alongside other Jewish victims. There was also an execution site in the pine forest near Dzhulynka. The victims, comprising Jewish refugees from Western territories, Ukrainians, and at least one communist, were systematically captured and incarcerated before being led in small groups to the execution site, where they were killed.” (Testimony N°YIU1131U, interviewed in Dzhulynka, on December 26, 2010)

Archivos soviéticos

"During the temporary occupation of Dzhulinka village [today Dzhulynka], located in Vinnytsia region, by the German authorities – from July 29, 1941 till March 12, 1944 – in the Dzhulinka village, the district center, in December 1942 and February 1943, in the pine park, located at a distance of 150 meters from the village, 156 civilians, men, women and the elderly, were mistreated, shot and buried in the pit prepared in advance. Before that, Soviet civilians were enclosed in the Gestapo [building], from where they were taken in a special cart to the pine park and shot at point-blank range." [Act drawn by State Extraordinary Soviet Commission (ChGK), on April 13, 1945, p.5; GARF 7021-54-1240/ Copy USHMM RG.22-002M]

Archivos alemanes

"March 1942: Dzhulinka [today Dzhulynka]. Twelve Jewish workers were shot in the Dzhulinka Pine Park by the Dzhulinka Gendarmerie.
May 7, 1943 : Dzhulinka. 120-130 Jews shot - men, women and children - by the Gaissin Gebietskommissariat, the Gaissin Gendarmerie and the Vinnitsa KdS-Aussentstelle. These were Jews who had been spared until now." [Report of the Munich public prosecutor's office about the execution of Jews in Haysyn and Dzhulinka [districts], BARch162-2333, p.37]

Nota histórica

Dzhulynka is situated approximately 150 km (93 mi) southeast of Vinnytsia. The village was founded in 1681 on the left bank of the southern Bug River. Following the Second Partition of Poland in 1793, the village became part of the Russian Empire. Little is known about the earliest traces of the Jewish community in Dzhulynka. However, according to the 1939 census, the Jewish population numbered 212 individuals, constituting approximately 5% of the total population of Dzhulynka. Local Jews were primarily engaged in commerce and artisanal work, with many of the town's businesses being owned and operated by them. During the Soviet period, a number of them worked in the bank and a kolkhoz. A larger Jewish community resided in Ternivka, located about 22 km (14mi) away.

Holocausto por balas en cifras

Before the German troops entered Dzhulynka on July 29, 1941, a number of local Jews were mobilized or enlisted voluntarily to the Red Army, while some others managed to evacuate to the east. Following a brief period of military control, the village transitioned to German civil administration in November 1941. Subsequently, a German gendarmerie post and a Ukrainian police unit were established in Dzhulynka. According to witnesses’ accounts, remaining local Jews were captured while trying to escape and taken to Ternivka, where they were subsequently murdered.

In Dzhulynka itself, in the pine forest nearby the village, 156 people in all, Jews and Ukrainians, were executed during the German occupation. According to Soviet archives, the victims were killed over the course of two main Aktions, conducted in December 1942 and February 1943. In addition, according to research results, the executions of small groups of victims, including the Jews in hiding, were carried out throughout the whole occupation period. Before being murdered, the victims were captured and locked in the local prison, from where they were taken to the execution site and, after digging their own graves, shot to death by local policemen under supervision of a German guard.

For more information about the killing of Ternivka Jews please follow the corresponding profile.

Pueblos cercanos

  • Ternivka
  • Ustya
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