Hlybochok (Glybochok) | Ternopil

/ / Pavel F., nacido en 1929, "El lugar donde dormían estaba vigilado por la Gestapo".©Guillaume Ribot - Yahad-In Unum Pavel F. mostrando el lugar donde los judíos, utilizados como mano de obra forzada, fueron fusilados en el momento de la retirada de los alemanes. ©Guillaume Ribot - Yahad-In Unum Emilia P., born in 1934: “During the occupation, a Jewish family was hidden by my parents in our house. They managed to survive to war.”  ©Nikolas Tkatchouk/Yahad - In Unum At this site, several hundred Jews from Hlybochok and Konstantsiya labor camps were executed before the Germans’ withdraw in the summer of 1943. There is no memorial to mark the mass grave. ©Nikolas Tkatchouk/Yahad - In Unum El equipo de investigación de Yahad cerca del lugar de la matanza. ©Guillaume Ribot - Yahad-In Unum

Ejecución de judíos en Hlybochok

1 Sitio(s) de ejecución

Tipo de lugar antes:
Foso para ganado
Período de ocupación:
Número de víctimas:
Several hundred

Entrevista del testigo

Pavlo F. evoca: "Las columnas con judíos pasaron durante una semana. Algunos judíos llevaban bultos y equipaje con ellos, otros no llevaban nada. Entre ellos había niños y ancianos. Iban en dirección a Skala-Podilska, a unos 10 km de aquí. Una vez allí, en el puente, los judíos fueron alineados y fusilados". (Testigo n°173, reunido en Hlybochok, el 10 de agosto de 2005)

Nota histórica

Hlybochok, situated approximately 25 km (16 mi) southwest of Chortkiv in the Ternopil region, has roots dating back to 1469. In 1772, the village came under the jurisdiction of the Austrian Empire, retaining this status until 1918, when it was subsequently annexed by Poland. Following the outbreak of war in September 1939, Hlybochok became part of the Ukrainian Social Soviet Republic, a consequence of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. There is no available information about the Jewish residents of Hlybochok, but there were thriving Jewish communities in nearby localities such as Ozeriany, Chortkiv, and Borshchiv.

Holocausto por balas en cifras

Hlybochok fell under the occupation of German and Hungarian troops on July 7, 1941. Following a brief period of military administration, the village transitioned to German civil administration. Yahad field research was able to confirm that two Jewish labor camps were established in the vicinity during this occupation.

The first camp was situated in Hlybochok itself, within a store building, where Jews from nearby villages, deemed suitable for labor, were confined. Every morning, the camp inmates were marched to the surrounding fields, engaging in forced labor on plantations under German supervision. The second camp was established in a hamlet linked to the nearby village of Konstantsiya, on the former property of the Folwark farm that once belonged to a Polish landowner. The detainees in this camp were Jewish families who had survived the deportation Aktion to the Belzec extermination camp, conducted in Ozeriany on September 26, 1942. Some Jews from Ozeriany sought shelter in a nearby forest, while others were confined to barns on the farm, tasked with agricultural work in the fields.

As per Yahad research findings, both camps' detainees met a tragic end in the summer of 1943, just before the German withdrawal. The farm inmates, including women and children, were directly shot in the barns during lunchtime by several dozen Germans arriving in two trucks. Local residents, requisitioned for the task, collected the bodies and transferred them to a nearby pit, a natural ravine, for burial. Similarly, the Hlybochok camp detainees were transported to the same site by trucks, where they faced execution and were interred in the same pit. The location of the mass grave is now easily identifiable due to ground subsidence.

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