Kalne | Ternopil

/ Yevdokia V., born in 1932: “Adelka’s entire family was shot, except for her. She managed to survive and left for Israel after the war.” ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad – In Unum Yevdokia V., born in 1932, pointing out Adelka’s hiding place. She was a Jewish woman who managed to survive the Holocaust. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad – In Unum A chapel where a Jewish woman, Adelka, hid along with her mother and sister, Rania. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad – In Unum Yevdokia V., born in 1932, taking the Yahad team towards the execution site of the Kalne Jews. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad – In Unum Yevdokia V., born in 1932, pointing out the execution site where five Jews found in hiding were shot. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad – In Unum Yevdokia V., born in 1932, with Yahad’s translator near the execution site. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad – In Unum The execution site located in the forest. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad – In Unum The memorial erected by Adel after the war. At this location, five Jews were killed, including Adel’s mother, sister Anna, another Jewish woman and two Jewish men. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad – In Unum Aerial view of the execution site located in the forest. Five Jews were murdered here. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad – In Unum

Execution of Jews in Kalne

1 Sitio(s) de ejecución

Tipo de lugar antes:
Período de ocupación:
Número de víctimas:

Entrevista del testigo

Yevdokia V., born in 1932: “When the Germans arrived, many Jews went into hiding. We had a forest nearby, so they all went and hid there. There were about fifty of them hiding there at any one time. One of the Jews we knew was Adel. She had a mother, father and three siblings, one sister and two brothers. I remember only hers and her sister’s name. Her name was Rania. They decided to go into hiding as well. Adelka’s father and two brothers went to hide in Kozoav, while she stayed with her mother and sister in the village. At the beginning she was hid with the villagers, then they went to hide in a chapel. The local priest sheltered them. He would bring them food. I used to bring them food as well. After a while, it became dangerous to stay in the village, and Adelka decided to go and hide in the forest.” (Witness n°2627U, interviewed in Kalne, on July 16, 2019)

Nota histórica

Kalne is a village located 40 km (25mi) southwest of Ternopil. Little is known about the Jewish community in Kalne, as it somewhat small compared to the community in the nearby town of Kozova, located 9km (5,5mi) to the north. Only few Jews lived in Kalne, while there were 1,328 Jews living in Kozova in 1883, making up a little bit more than 10% of the total population. From 1350 to 1772, and, during the interwar period, the territory was under Polish rule, and in 1939 was taken over by the Soviet Union. In 1897, with the development of the railway station in Kozova and the majority of Jews being merchants, the Jewish community grew.

Holocausto por balas en cifras

Kalne was occupied by German forces in July 1941. The Kalne Jews were rounded up and taken to the Kozova ghetto created shortly after the occupation. Some of them managed to hide in the village with the help of local villagers and the local priest. According to local witnesses who brought food to the Jews in hiding, at one point there were about fifty people hiding in the forest. Five Jews, including a mother and sister of a Jewish survivor, Adel, were murdered in the forest by the Germans. They were shot in a pit dug by two Jewish men requisitioned by the Germans, who had most probably also been found in hiding. The remaining Jews discovered in the forest in Kalne were taken to Kozova where they were murdered along with the local Jews.

Pueblos cercanos

  • Lityatyn
  • Kozova
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