Luchynchyk | Vinnytsia

/ Oleksandra L., born in 1932: “A Jewish family used to help my mother with household chores in exchange for milk. The parents’ names were Yankel and Erna, they had two daughters, Rosa and Liza, and a son Aldov.” ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum Maria Sh., born in 1930: “The corpses of the Jews who died at the orphanage were buried near the road to Luchynets. As I went to work in the fields, I'd see Jews carrying the corpses on stretchers slung over their shoulders.” ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum The Yahad team during the interview. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum The former orphanage of Luchynchyk, where the Jews lived during the occupation period. With time the building was transformed in a residential house. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum The burial site of 986 Jews from Bessarabia and North Bukovina, died of hunger, beatings and cold in Luchynchyk. The bodies are buried in several mass graves dug between the paved road and the agricultural field. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum A drone view at the burial site of Jews in Luchynchyk. Both roads, the paved one and the dirt one, lead from Luchynchyk to Luchynets. ©Les Kasyanov/Yahad - In Unum

Execution of Jews in Luchynchyk

1 Sitio(s) de ejecución

Tipo de lugar antes:
Vacant lot between a road and a field
Período de ocupación:
Número de víctimas:

Entrevista del testigo

Oleksandra L., born in 1932: "Shortly after the outbreak of the war, a significant number of Jews from Bessarabia were transported to Luchynchyk. During their journey, they endured beatings from the guards escorting the column, who used whips. The procession of Jews was so extensive that it took the entirety of the day to traverse the village. Subsequently, the wealthiest and most robust Jews among them were accommodated by the Jews residing in the nearby town of Luchynets. Meanwhile, the remaining Jews were housed in Luchynchyk, specifically in the orphanage building, which had been vacant during the occupation. This structure became fully occupied by Jews, including a substantial number of children. Additionally, some Jews resided in an adjacent building, where they slept on the floor due to overcrowding. To sustain themselves, the Jews gathered edible plants such as weeds and nettles, among others. During the winter months, they relied on fires for warmth. Despite facing severe food shortages and experiencing a high mortality rate, the Jews refrained from resorting to theft from the local populace. I remember sharing food with a Jewish boy called Fima, who often came to see me while I was tending to my cow." (Testimony N°YIU2839U, interviewed in Luchynchyk, on November 3, 2020)

Archivos soviéticos

"During the occupation [of Luchynchyk], 986 people of Jewish origin from Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina died of beatings, hunger and cold." [Act drawn by State Extraordinary Soviet Commission (ChGK), on April 14, 1945, p.57; GARF 7021-54-1239/ Copy USHMM RG.22-002M]

Nota histórica

Luchynchyk, located approximately 90 km (56 mi) southwest of Vinnytsia, had a primarily Orthodox and Catholic population engaged in agriculture and land cultivation. Before the war, there was limited information available about the Jewish community in the village. However, it is known that an important Jewish population lived in the neighboring town of Luchynets, situated about 4 km (2.5 mi) to the northeast of Luchynchyk.

Holocausto por balas en cifras

Luchynchyk was occupied by German and Romanian forces at the end of July 1941. The village remained under the Romanians and became part of Transnistria in September 1941. Subsequently, Romanian administration was established and a Ukrainian police unit was set up in Luchynchyk. The Liadova River delineated the border with the German-occupied territories.

Shortly after the beginning of the war, hundreds of Jews from North Bukovina and Bessarabia, including numerous children, were deported to the nearby town of Luchynets. The wealthiest of them were housed by local Jews, while the others were installed in the former property of orphanage, located in Luchynchyk. To procure food, they resorted to gathering plants,  bartering valuables and offering their skills as craftsmen or simple workers to locals.

According to the Soviet archives, due to appalling living conditions, starvation and beatings 986 Jews died in Luchynchyk during the occupation period. Their remains were interred in numerous mass or individual graves dug on the outskirts of Luchynchyk, alongside the road leading to Luchynets.

For more information about the extermination of Jews in Luchynets, please follow the corresponding profile.

Pueblos cercanos

  • Luchynets
  • Vinozh
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