Novoberyslav (Novy-Beryslav, Novy-Berislav) | Kherson

The abandoned Jewish cemetery © Aleksey Kasyanov /Yahad-In Unum Before the creation of this reservoir there was the village of Dremailovka. 87 Jews were shot and buried here. © aleksey Kasyanov/Yahad-In Unum

Execution of Jews in Novoberyslav

1 Sitio(s) de ejecución

Tipo de lugar antes:
Período de ocupación:
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Archivos soviéticos

“On September 10th, 1941, the entire Jewish population of Novoberyslav was brought by members of SS to a ravine located near the Dremaylovka village, where they were then shot. Six members of my family were among the victims, including my wife Nukhinzon Yevdokiia, my sister Ida, my daughter-in-law Olga, and her two children aged 2 and 5. There were also: the Tsimbler family - mother, daughter, sister and four children; the Bekhman family - mother, daughter and 4 children aged from 2 to 11 years old; the Berinshtein family - father aged 86, his daughter and her four children from 2 to 12 years old; the second Berinshtein family - an old man, his wife and four children. Besides them another 11 families of the Jewish refugees (45 people) were shot.” [Deposition of Vladimir Nukhinzon given to the State Extraordinary Commission on April 14th, 1945; RG 22.002M:7021-77-404]

Nota histórica

Most of the settlers were peasants, some were artisans. The colony was run by starosta. In 1868, a synagogue and a Jewish primary school for boys were built in Novoberyslav. In 1887, there were 57 farms in the village, 55 were owned by the Jews. In 1887, there were 59 households, including 57 Jewish and 2 Germans. In 1918-1920, the Jewish population of Novoberyslav suffered from pogroms and lootings during which time the school building and two houses were destroyed. After the Civil War, the population suffered from famine, epidemics of typhus and cholera.  As a result in 1922, the colony was almost deserted. With the help of JOINT and other Jewish Colonization association the cooperatives, also known as artels, were created in Novoberyslav. After, they were united in a kolkhoz, called “Svobodnyy Rabochiy” (Free Workers).   In 1927, following the antireligious policy of the USSR, the local synagogue was closed. The collectivization followed by dekulakization finished due to the high numbers of Jewish peasants migrating to the citites. In 1931, only 327 inhabitants remained in the colony. From 1932 to 1933, the famine caused by collectivization took place in Novoberyslav. Jewish craftsmen moved to nearby villages to find better job oppostunities. On the eve of the war, about 120 Jews lived in Novoberyslav, including 90 local Jews and 30 Jewish refugees from Bessarabia.

Holocausto por balas en cifras

Novoberyslav was occupied on August 26th, 1941. The execution of the Jewish populations started shortly after the Germans’ arrival. On September 10th, 1941, 87 Jews, including 45 Jewish refugees from Bessarabia, were murdered by a unit of Einzatgruppe D who arrived specifically for this purpose from Beryslav. The Jews were rounded-up under the pretext that they were being displaced. Instead, they were taken 500 meters northwest of the village to the ravine located close to the Dreymalov village. Today, the site is under water – now part of the Kakhovka sea.

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